Installing Hermine for production

Getting the code

You can download latest releases from Hermine releases page or clone latest development version from GitLab:

git clone
cd hermine/

Major versions changes mean breaking changes, either in the installation configuration or in the API. You can find more information in

For minor or patch versions, it should be safe to update your instance by pulling the latest tag from the repository or downloading from the release page.

Docker Compose

Hermine provides a Docker Compose configuration with the following services:

Beware this config is for docker compose (Compose v2) not for docker-compose (Compose v1).

Two profiles are available :

  • an https profile where Caddy is configured with automatic HTTPS. It can easily be deployed on a VPS.

  • a localhost profile to use Hermine on a local machine or behind a reverse proxy (not suited for development)

Configuration is made through a .env file which should be placed at the root of the project. Relevant configuration variables for Hermine image are exposed through Compose with the prefix HERMINE_. Check docker-compose.yml comments for more information.

At first launch, a superadmin user is created with admin / admin credential. You can update these credentials from

In case you need to access the django-admin tool from outside Docker, you should use : docker exec -it hermine_django_1 /opt/hermine/

To automatically init the database with reference data, just put the shared.json file in the docker/ directory before starting the containers.

HTTPS profile (for deployment on a VPS)

You just need to set HERMINE_SECRET and HERMINE_HOST environment variables before you can start the containers. The easiest way to do so is to write it in a .env file.

# configure secret key
# optional : configure HOST if you use something else than localhost:80
echo "" >> .env
# start the services in background
docker-compose --profile https up -d

Hermine should be accessible at Caddy automatically sets up and renew HTTPS certificates.

To update your instance :

git switch main && git pull
docker-compose --profile https up -d --build

Localhost profile (to use behind a reverse proxy)

You must set PORT insted of HERMINE_HOST variable.

# configure secret key
# configure port
echo "PORT=9000" >> .env
# start the services in background
docker-compose --profile localhost up -d

Hermine Docker image

You can also use the Hermine Docker image to run Hermine in your own Docker environment, without using Docker Compose. You will need to set up your own PostgreSQL database, as well as a reverse proxy to serve static files and proxy other requests to the Docker image.

You first need to build the image :

docker build -t hermine .c

Image configuration

Runtime configuration is made through environment variables. You can use a .env file to set them up.

The minimal configuration is :

  • SECRET: the secret key used by Django to sign session cookies

  • DJANGO_PORT: the port on which the container will listen for requests

  • POSTGRES_HOST: the hostname of the PostgreSQL database

  • POSTGRES_PORT: the port of the PostgreSQL database

  • POSTGRES_NAME: the name of the PostgreSQL database

  • POSTGRES_USER: the username to connect to the PostgreSQL database

  • POSTGRES_PASSWORD: the password to connect to the PostgreSQL database

  • SUPERUSER: the username of the superuser created at first launch

  • PASSWORD: the password of the superuser created at first launch

  • HOST: the external url of your Hermine instance (ex:, should be the same as the one used in the reverse proxy configuration

  • TRUST_PROXY_HEADERS: should be set to “True” as you are using a reverse proxy

  • STATIC_ROOT: the directory of the volume where static files will be stored

Optional configuration :

  • CSRF_TRUSTED_ORIGINS: a list of trusted origins for CSRF protection, defaults to [HOST]

  • THREADS: the number of threads used by gunicorn workers, defaults to number of CPU cores

  • MAX_UPLOAD_SIZE: the maximum size that the SBOM to import can be (in bytes), defaults to 10MB

You will need to be able to access the STATIC_ROOT directory from your reverse proxy, and to serve its content on, so you should probably mount it as a volume. Read more about serving static files in Django documentation.

Example of command to run the container :

docker run -d \
  --name hermine \
  --volume /host/path/to/static_directory:$STATIC_ROOT hermine
  --env-file .env \

Manual install

Install python dependencies

You should run Hermine in a Python virtual environnement. Using poetry, you can create the virtual environment and install the dependencies with:

poetry install

Install and build front modules

npm install
npm run build

Configure your instance

Before the first run, you have to create a file in the hermine/hermine/ directory.

cp hermine/hermine/ hermine/hermine/

Update hermine/hermine/ according to your configuration. Ex: For development purposes, you can set HOST to and DEBUG to True

Here are the parameters you may want to change in your hermine/hermine/ file

Parameter name


Default value


The url of your Hermine instance


The maximum size that the SBOM to import can be (in bytes)



The key that Django will use to encrypt data



Enables debug functionality, should be disabled in production


Update the database structure and create a superuser :

# activate poetry shell
poetry shell

# create database structure
python hermine/ migrate

# create a superuser
python hermine/ createsuperuser

Run the server

How you want to serve Hermine is up to you. You should be familiar with WSGI servers and reverse proxies. You can find more information in Django documentation.

A typical installation is :

  • Gunicorn or another WSGI server (running Hermine’s

  • NGinx to serve static files and proxy other requests to Gunicorn

Hermine is not different from any other Django application. You can find more information in Django documentation.

For development purpose, you can simply run :

# run the server 
python hermine/ runserver

Static files

Static files should be served by your web server. After install, you must run collectstatic to copy static files to the static directory (or any other configured in

python hermine/ collectstatic

You can find more information in Django documentation.


You can use an OAuth2 server as authentication backend by setting OAuth parameters.

For Docker installs, the following environment variables can be set :




  • OAUTH_SCOPE: list of scope separated by ‘,’





  • OAUTH_USERNAME_PROPERTY (defaults to username)

On manual install, you should set these parameters in the file.

Further information can be found in Python Social Auth’s documentation on which Hermine relies.

Users will be created on the fly at authentication by the OAuth server.

Health check

Hermine provides two test endpoints which you can use in your monitoring system.

/ping/ always send a 200 response, and can be used to check server availability.

/ready/ does the same but also tries to connect to Hermine database. It sends a 200 response if it succeeds.